Planting fruit trees is not a difficult task, but there are a few considerations you should make before you take the steps necessary for planting fruit trees in the ground. Such things as what zone you live in and where in your property to place your trees are very important. Putting a tree in the ground is easy, but your success or failure can occur by choosing the wrong tree or putting it in the wrong place.
The first thing you want to know is what zone you live in and what grows well in that zone. For some areas such as California, you can grow most anything, but in other areas you have to know exactly how hearty what you want to grow is. An example would be any kind of citrus tree . Citrus grows well in California and Florida, but most other places are not well suited to grow citrus, as the area is too cold for too long. If you want to grow citrus in North Dakota, you will need to either grow indoors in a container, or in a greenhouse, and neither method is a guarantee of success.
Once you know what kind of trees grow well in your area, and you have chosen one that will produce fruit that you will eat, the next consideration is where to put it on your property. In addition to knowing its cold and heat tolerances, you should also know the sun and water requirements for your selection. Putting a tree underneath a taller tree may or may not be a good fit for the new tree .
If you know what kind of tree and where to plant it, all you have to do is put it in the ground. Dig a hole that is twice a big around as the root cluster of your tree . You can measure as you dig by putting the tree still in the container in the hole and seeing if it is large enough. This hole will also need to be a little deeper than the height of the root cluster, but not too deep. A general rule is to look at the container top and have it level with the top of your hole. You do not want to put your new tree in too deep or too shallow.
When you have finished digging, put some compost in the bottom of the hole. Break up the roots somewhat so they don’t continue to grow in a circle matching the container they were in. Put the tree in the hole and fill the dirt back in around it. Don’t compress the dirt until the tree is sitting level and in the direction you want it to go. Once you pat down the dirt and firm up the dirt around the tree , there’s no changing its angle.
Stake the tree gently so that it will not be knocked over or broken. Don’t tie it too tight, the trunk needs to grow. Mulch the area around the base so it will retain water better. If you have deer or other wildlife that can be a nuisance to a new tree , it is wise to either fence in your yard, or put a barrier around the tree so that wildlife cannot eat the bark or leaves. Once it is sturdy enough to handle some wind, take the stakes off. It needs to experience the stress of wind to grow a deeper root system.
You can expect your new tree to produce fruit for you within an average of three to five years.